Eleanor was the mixed-race daughter of an African-American slave mother and Irish planter father. Thomas Nelson Johnson graduated from Shurtleff College in Alton, Illinois inand then worked there as a teacher.
Satchel Paige "You win a few, you lose a few, the rest get rained out. Yes, Leroy "Satchel" Paige was all of those — and more.
On one visit with a sportswriter, she confided that her son was actually three years older than he thought he was.
A few years later, she amended that comment to say he was just two years older than he thought. Page spelled as such until the late s was born into poverty in a Mobile, Alabama, slum known as South Bay. When Page got caught trying to steal one of the satchels, Hines immediately saddled him with the nickname.
At age 12, Satchel was sent to reform school for shoplifting. There he learned a little about pitching a baseball. At age 17, Satchel was released. He soon signed on to play with the local semi-pro team, the Mobile Tigers, where his brother, Wilson, was already playing. Like many rookies, Paige was brought along slowly, being utilized sparingly in certain situations.
Then in Junehe got the start against the Albany Giants, when he promptly gave up 13 runs in the loss. During the season, however, Paige got stronger, thanks to the "hesitation pitch" taught to him by a teammate, Bill "Plunk" Drake.
According to the nature of the Negro Leagues of the times, players often "followed the money," playing wherever and for whomever was paying the most.
He was a standout strikeout pitcher averaging almost one per inning pitched. But his ERA and won-loss records were a reflection of his penchant to be wild for stretches at a time.
Paige received a percentage of the gate. Owing to the popularity of gambling on the games by the public, no drinking or late-night carousing was allowed.
Ironically, Paige was looked upon as a "southern hick," a kind of intraracial prejudice. He finished it in style against crosstown rival Homestead Grays. Paige, in relief, pitched the final five innings of the game, striking out six with no walks.
That collection of talent was known as the "Yankees of Black Baseball," not to be confused with the New York Black Yankees, also in the same league. Some observers wondered if they just lost concentration 32 times that season.
Blacks had a chance to show their talent, often beating white Major Leaguers and leaving them shaking their heads, wondering why those Negro Leaguers were not allowed to compete at the "ultimate level.
It was Williams, when he was inducted into the Hall of Fame inwho encouraged, even chided, Major League Baseball to find a way to include worthy Negro Leaguers in the Hall. That seed of an idea came to fruition inwhen Satchel Paige became the first player from the Negro Leagues to be inducted into the mainstream Hall of Fame.
Among the eye-popping statistics and miscellany: Satchel was the first African American to pitch in the World Series Cleveland, ; he became the oldest player ever to play in the Major Leagues when he pitched three shutout innings for the Kansas City Athletics ; Paige is the all-time Puerto Rican Winter League record-holder for wins 19 and strikeouts in a year; he was perhaps the greatest pitcher in the history of the California Winter League, holding the records for wins 56strikeoutsgames pitched 80and shutouts He also was tied for second in complete games 47 and third in winning percentage.
When Veeck signed Paige to a major league contract with the Cleveland Indians in Julythe howling and naysaying could be heard to the shores of the Atlantic. At age 42, Paige would become the second black player in the American League and the oldest player ever to debut in the majors.
That signing was ridiculed as another publicity stunt, "Veeck has gone too far in his quest for publicity. The "repetoire" Not only did Paige, in his prime, possess a dominating fastball, but he sported a variety of other servings, most notably his "Hesitation Pitch," which worked with the effect of a changeup.
Paige was legendary when it came to the number of different pitches he could throw in any situation and at any count on the batter. I also use my step-n-pitch-it, my submariner, my sidearmer, and my bat dodger.
In addition, Paige is lovingly cast as a warm and caring dog named "Satchel Pooch," in the comic strip Get Fuzzy. Paige also was honored by The Sporting News, which listed him as the 19th greatest baseball player of all time.
Sometimes, without even thinking about it, Paige came up with some of the darndest aphorisms: I believe in training by rising gently up and down from the bench.Sep 11, · Ralph Johnson Bunche (; August 7, or – December 9, ) was an American political scientist, academic, and diplomat who received the Nobel Peace Prize for his late s mediation in Israel.
He was the first African American to be so honored in the history of the prize. He was involved in the formation and administration of the United Nations. Quick Facts Name Ralph Bunche Occupation Diplomat Birth Date August 7, Death Date December 9, Did You Know? Ralph Bunche was the first African American to win the Nobel Peace Prize.
The Thomas R. Pickering Foreign Affairs Fellowship attracts and prepares young people for careers in the Foreign Service of the U.S. Department of State. The Work of Democracy: Ralph Bunche, Kenneth B. Clark, Lorraine Hansberry, and the Cultural Politics of Race [Ben Keppel] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
Thirty years after the greatest legislative triumphs of the civil rights movement, overcoming racism remains what Martin Luther King.
The Columbia Secondary School for Math, Science, & Engineering is a public, sixth through twelfth grade school that opened in the fall of Ralph Bunche: An American Odyssey [Brian Urquhart] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
A superb narrative biography of the international diplomat and racial pioneer―the basis for the acclaimed four-part PBS TV series. Ralph Bunche was instrumental ― sometimes at great personal risk ― in finding peaceful solutions to incendiary conflicts around the worldReviews: 2.