Advocates of 'cliodynamics' say that they can use scientific methods to illuminate the past. But historians are not so sure.
Bar 'Ebraya [Abu-l-Farag] —Catholicos of the Syriac Orthodox Churchlearned theologian, prolific author, his spiritual treatise in Syriac Kethabha dhe yauna [Book of the Dove], as well as his Ethikon said by Wensinck to show influence by al-Ghazali. Ramon Llull [Raimundo Lulio] — Catalan Majorca author and theologian, "Doctor Illuminatus", proponent of the " Ars Magna ", fluent in Arabic, three times missionary to Tunis ; his Llibre del Gentile e dels tres Savis —76 [t], in which one learned in Hellenic philosophy hears three scholars, Jewish, Christian, and Muslim, whose views are shared with exquisite courtesy by reasoning over their mutual virtues, rather than by attack and defense.
Ramananda died Hindu egalitarian reformer of bhakti movement, origin as Brahmin in sect of Ramanuja ; his popular synthesis of both Islamic and Hindu elements led also to inter-religious understanding; the Sant Mat poet Kabir was a disciple.
Nicolaus Cusanus — German Cardinalat cusp of renaissance ; following the fall of Constantinoplehis De pace fidei [t] sought common ground among the various religions, presenting fictitious short dialogues involving an Araban Indianan Assyriana Jewa Scythiana Persiana Syriana Turka Tartarand various Christians ; also his Cribratio Alcorani Theodor Bibliander [Buchmann] —Swiss Zurich theologianin published in Basle various documents with a preface by Martin Lutherwhich included the Lex Mahumet pseudoprophete of Luis de Marmol Carvajal c.
Alonso del Castillo s-c. Andre du Ryer c. Ludovico Marracci — Italian priest, professor of Arabic, Latin translation of the Qur'an, Alcorani textus universus Padovapublication delayed by Church censors, in two volumes: Prodromus contains a biography of Mohammad and summary of Islamic doctrine; Refutatio Alcorani contains the Qur'an in Arabic text, with Latin translation, annotated per partisan purposes cf.
Also, his earlier contributions translating the Bible into Arabic Dara Shikuh —Mughalelder brother of Aurangzeb ; Muslim but included here because of his syncretism in the tradition of his great-grandfather Akbar ; his Majma-ul-Bahrain [Mingling of Two Oceans] [t] finds parallels between Sufism and the monotheistic Vedanta of Hinduismit was later translated into Sanskrit; also his own translation into Persian of the Upanishads.
Jean Chardin — French merchant, Journal du Voyage. Abraham Hinckelmann —edited an Arabic text of the Qur'an, later published in HamburgGermany, in Carsten Niebuhr — Germany, member of royal Danish expedition to YemenBeschreibung von Arabien Kobenhavn ; Reisebeschreibung nach Arabien und andern umliegenden Landern 3 volumes, Kobenhavn, Hamburg Silvestre de Sacy — Jewish French, his Grammaire arabe 2v.
Washington Irving — U. Putnam a popular, fair-minded biography based on translations from Arabic and on western authors, since edited Univ. Charles Mills — England, History of Mohammedanism Abraham Geiger — German rabbi and scholar, major founder of Reform Judaismhis Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen?
Bonn [t] restates and updates a perennial thesis e.
Ernest Renan — French, Catholic apostateHistoire generale et system compare des langues semitiques Paris Francisco Javier Simonet c. Edward Henry Palmer —English; traveler in Arab lands; called to the bar in ; translated Qur'an for the S.
Italo Pizzi — L'Islamismo Milan Brill9 volumes; eclipsed by a new edition — of 11 volumes with index and supplements. Henri Pirenne — Belgian historian, Mahomet et Charlemagne Paris [t], how the Arab conquests disrupted Mediterranean trade, isolating the European economies which declined.
Platonov; Les institutions musulmanes Paris [t]. William Ambrose Shedd — U. Their historical relations A neglected problem Theodor Juynboll — Handbuch des islamischen Gesetzes Leipzig: Brill Harrassowitz on Islamic law.
Samuel Marinus Zwemer — U. Carl Brockelmann — Geschichte der arabischen Literatur 5 vol. Leone Caetani — Italian nobleman, Annali dell'Islam 10 volumes, — reprintcontains early Arabic sources.
Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi — spiritual and independence leader in Indiaopposed caste divisions; prolific writer, teacher of satyagraha worldwide, influencing Martin Luther King ; his letter to Mohammad Ali Jinnah of Sept. A critical study of the Covenant of ' Umar Oxford Alphonse Mingana — Assyrian Christian Iraqformer priest, religious historian, collected early Syriac and Arabic documents and books into the "Mingana Collection".AD: An assembly of nobles elects High Capet as king of France (the title king at this time does not confer extra power or revenue).
The Capet family has domains in the Middle Seine area, including Paris. Included are prominent authors who have made studies concerning Islam, the religion and its civilization, and the culture of Muslim caninariojana.com included are those studies of Islam produced by Muslim authors meant primarily for a Muslim audience.
Mohammed and Charlemagne Revisited: The History of a Controversy [Emmet Scott] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers.
During the s Belgian historian Henri Pirenne came to an astonishing conclusion: the ancient classical civilization. Mohammed and Charlemagne [Henri Pirenne] on caninariojana.com *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Reprint of Edition. Full facsimile of the original edition, not reproduced with Optical Recognition software.
Henri Pirenne's classic history of Europe between the fifth and ninth centuries. In Mohammed and Charlemagne, Henri Pirenne makes a really interesting suggestion that has been a big part of the debate surrounding early medieval history since it was first published back in /5.
MOHAMMED AND CHARLEMAGNE By Henri Pirenne. Translated from the French by Bernard Miall. “This last work of the great Belgian scholar Henri Pirenne offered a new and revolutionary interpretation of the evolution of Europe from the time of Constantine to that of Charlemagne.
Pirenne’s major thesis is that it was the advance of Islam.