A humorous quotation, but one that is uncomfortably close to reality.
Cloning We live in a brave new world in which reproductive technologies are ravaging as well as replenishing families. Increasingly common are variations of the situation in which "baby's mother is also grandma-and sister.
This new eugenics is simply the latest version of the age-old quest to make human beings--in fact, humanity as a whole--the way we want them to be: It includes our efforts to be rid of unwanted human beings through abortion and euthanasia. It more recently is focusing on our growing ability to understand and manipulate our genetic code, which directs the formation of many aspects of who we are, for better and for worse.
We aspire to complete control over the code, though at this point relatively little is possible. This backdrop can help us understand the great fascination with human cloning today.
It promises to give us a substantial measure of power over the genetic makeup of our offspring. We cannot control their code exactly, but the first major step in that direction is hugely appealing: You can have a child whose genetic code is exactly like your own.
And you didn't turn out so badly, did you? Admittedly, in our most honest moments we would improve a few things about ourselves. So the larger agenda here remains complete genetic control. But human cloning represents one concrete step in that direction, and the forces pushing us from behind to take that step are tremendous.
These forces are energized, as we will see, by the very ways we look at life and justify our actions. But before examining such forces, we need a clearer view of human cloning itself.
The Rising Prospect of Human Cloning It was no longer ago than when the president of the United States first challenged the nation and charged his National Bioethics Advisory Commission 2 to give careful thought to how the United States should proceed regarding human cloning.
Attention to this issue was spurred by the reported cloning of a large mammal--a sheep--in a new way. The method involved not merely splitting an early-stage embryo to produce identical twins.
Rather, it entailed producing a nearly exact genetic replica of an already existing adult. The technique is called nuclear transfer or nuclear transplantation because it involves transferring the nucleus and thus most of the genetic material from a cell of an existing being to an egg cell in order to replace the egg cell's nucleus.
Stimulated to divide by the application of electrical energy, this egg--now embryo--is guided by its new genetic material to develop as a being who is genetically almost identical to the being from which the nucleus was taken. This process was reportedly carried out in a sheep to produce the sheep clone named Dolly 3 but attention quickly shifted to the prospects for cloning human beings by which I will mean here and throughout, cloning by nuclear transfer.
Quickly people began to see opportunities for profit and notoriety.
Byfor example, scientist Richard Seed had announced intentions to set up a Human Clone Clinic--first in Chicago, then in ten to twenty locations nationally, then in five to six locations internationally. Such research has been slowed in the United States since the president and then Congress withheld federal government funds from research that subjects embryos to risk for non-therapeutic purposes.
Stem cells can treat many illnesses and can have the capacity to develop into badly needed body parts such as tissues and organs. One way to obtain stem cells is to divide an early stage embryo into its component cells--thereby destroying the embryonic human being.
Inhis newly-formed Council on Bioethics raised serious questions about even this form of embryonic stem cell research, through the Council was divided on this matter. While embryo and stem cell research are very important issues, they are distinct ethically from the question of reproducing human beings through cloning.article highlights.
Genetic engineering focuses on: isolating genes, modifying genes so they can be transferred into and function within a new organism of a different species (transgenics) or the same species (cisgenics).
Free cloning papers, essays, and research papers. Benefits of Cloning - Cloning is the process of making a genetically identical organism through the use of a DNA sample. Updated November Introduction. Genetic engineering, or genetic modification, uses a variety of tools and techniques from biotechnology and bioengineering to modify an organism’s genetic makeup.
Understanding Evolution: History, Theory, Evidence, and Implications. By - March 5, Updated - May 2, Index. Introduction; Origin Mythology; Mesopotamian.
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The practice of banning books is a form of censorship, from political, legal, religious, moral, or (less often) commercial motives.
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