Class differences and the issue of biotechnology

Indeed, the cultivation of plants may be viewed as the earliest biotechnological enterprise.

Class differences and the issue of biotechnology

Advanced Search Abstract This study uses the contemporary debate over agricultural biotechnology to conceptualize a theoretical model that can be used to explain how citizens reach judgments across a range of science and technology controversies.

Science knowledge does play a modest role, with the news media serving as an important source of informal learning. Contrary to expectations and past research, we do not find any direct effects for news attention on support for agricultural biotechnology.

Deference to scientific authority is a central value predisposition shaping support for agricultural biotechnology. Positively correlated with education, deference to scientific authority is the strongest influence on support for agricultural biotechnology in our model.

Part of the variable's influence is direct, but part of it is also indirect, as deference to scientific authority is a key predictor of both trust in the sponsors of biotechnology and generalized reservations about the impacts of science.

Over the past decade, a growing number of studies have examined public opinion within the context of science and technology conflicts. These debates offer valuable opportunities for exploring opinion processes since they typically include developments remote from ordinary citizen experience, and are characterized by highly technical discourse.

Public reaction is an important social dimension in these conflicts, with citizen opinion shaping the trajectory of scientific development and technological adoption. In post-industrial societies where issues ranging from stem cell research to climate change have at times come to dominate transnational agendas, and where expertise and knowledge have evolved as major sources of economic power and political persuasion, it is increasingly important to understand how citizens reach judgments about the complexities of science and technology.

Perhaps no single science-related topic has generated as much speculation, concern, and research as the cross-Atlantic divide over agricultural biotechnology. As outlined in the introductions to a recent special issue of this journal Bauer, b ; Peters,the technology raises fundamental questions about social values, nature, technological development, citizen input, international competitiveness, property rights, and economic justice.

As chief exporters of agricultural biotechnology products, a majority of American scientists, industry members, and political leaders believe the technology offers great promise for improving world nutrition, increasing sustainability, and benefiting trade.

However, public opinion in Europe, the largest market for U. In contrast to the European public, Americans remain largely unaware of the issue, yet when asked, are positive in their views of the technology.

This paper is not a direct comparison of the complex set of factors leading to very different patterns of public acceptance of agricultural biotechnology between the USA and Europe.

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Instead, the study uses survey data collected in the USA in to outline a conceptual approach to testing different accounts that researchers have put forward to explain opinion formation on the topic.

The purpose is to present a parsimonious model integrating major variables highlighted by past research. We begin by noting general assumptions relative to how citizens make up their minds about complex policy issues, and then describe key influences that past research has highlighted specific to agricultural biotechnology.

Using American attitudes about genetically engineered plants and food as a test case, our goal is to articulate a generalizable model that incorporates previous theorizing and findings, and that can serve as an analytical tool for understanding opinion formation across a range of science and technology controversies.

Faced with daily demands for their time and attention, it is impossible for citizens to be well informed about all policy issues; instead citizens look for short cuts in processing information and reaching social judgments about complex policy debates Popkin, Recent research examining public views of science and technology debates has highlighted the strong heuristic role played by value predispositions and media content in shaping general views about science Nisbet et al.

The emphasis on a low information public runs counter to a still widely held belief among many scientists and decision makers that scientific literacy—understanding the facts behind the science in a debate—is the key factor shaping public views about science.

The popular assumption is that increasing science literacy boosts public acceptance of the scientific worldview. In other words, if the public knew more about science, then scientists would be granted greater influence over important policy decisions, and controversies would likely go away Bodmer, This narrow focus on science literacy has been heavily criticized.

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For example, a recent meta-analysis of the results of nearly surveys conducted in 40 countries revealed that the more people knew about science, the more likely they were to have favorable attitudes toward science.

For these citizens, press coverage likely plays a key role relative to knowledge. The more citizens pay attention to agricultural biotechnology in the press, the more knowledgeable they are about the issue.

We order, label, and categorize these influences in Table 1and elaborate on them in subsequent sections of this paper.Squid. to $ per class of goods/services TEAS Reduced Fee (TEAS RF) is a new Explore Latest Updates on Cell Therapy Conference and Gene Therapy Conferences happening class differences and the issue of biotechnology in Asia.

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USA. About Biotechnology: History Timeline Leaders of a global project to catalogue differences in human DNA say they have successfully mapped 95% of all variations.

Class differences and the issue of biotechnology

Acting as an information source for serious anti-vivisectionists throughout New Zealand this site focuses on the issue that vivisection is an unscientific method, that results.

Social class differences in food consumption are not necessarily static.

Class differences and the issue of biotechnology

A study of Finnish consumption patterns for the period from to found that across all classes the consumption of butter, high-fat milk, coffee and sugar had decreased and the consumption of vegetables had increased.

GMO Answers is dedicated to creating an open dialogue on the topics of biotechnology and GMOs in food and modern agriculture.

GMO Answers is dedicated to creating an open dialogue on the topics of biotechnology and GMOs in food and modern agriculture. Biotechnology is the broad area of biology involving living systems and organisms to develop or make products, or "any technological application that uses biological systems, living organisms, or derivatives thereof, to make or modify products or processes for specific use" (UN Convention on Biological Diversity, Art.


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