University of Richmond Type of paper:
It can take many direct and indirect forms, including physical violence, name-calling, taunting, teasing, malicious rumor-spreading, and social exclusion.
Once thought of as a normal part of growing up, school bullying is now widely recognized as a serious problem that must be met with systematic preventative efforts. This article examines the nature, prevalence, and effects of school bullying.
It discusses profiles of bullies and victims, and explores the most effective methods now used to combat school bullying. Since the late s, several fatal school shootings committed by the victims of school bullying have brought major media attention to the issue. The result has been an increase in public awareness about the harmful effects of school bullying and a flurry of Bullying research paper, state, and nationwide programs designed to prevent or at least contain the problem.
In recent years, psychologists, sociologists, and school administrators have all published a plethora of research about school bullying. Definitions of school bullying include four basic elements.
First, school bullying does not happen between peers who share an equal or similar degree of power, but always involves a more powerful perpetrator intimidating a weaker subject. Bullying depends upon an imbalance of power, which can be created by any number of factors, including but not limited to physical size, age, popularity and psychological strength Rigby, ; Junoven, Second, bullying is deliberate; a bully intends to cause harm or distress in his or her victim Scarpaci, Third, bullying can come in direct and indirect forms.
Physical violence, such as shoving, poking, hitting, or tripping, is a form direct bullying. So is verbal bullying, which includes name-calling, teasing, and derision. Indirect bullying is social in nature and involves the bully excluding his or her victim from a peer group.
As children mature, the types of bullying in which they engage tends to change. In recent years, technology-savvy adolescents have begun to use the Internet to conduct 'cyber-bullying' on websites, in chat-rooms, and via e-mail, and to send harassing text messages to mobile phones "Cyber-bullying concerns on the rise," ; Reid et al.
Experts now recognize bullying as a form of violence.
If allowed to continue unchecked, school bullying severely compromises school safety. In order to prevent children from being harmed by school bullying, professional educators and parents should understand the depth of the bullying problem in U.
Applications Prevalence of School Bullying Virtually all school children around the world are in some way affected by school bullying Reid et al. The United States is no exception: Another study has shown that 1 in 5 elementary school children and 1 in 10 middle school students in the U. School bullying is a universal problem throughout the U.
Those students who witness bullying often become distressed, intimidated, and fearful that they themselves might become victims of bullying.
These feelings may harm academic performance and distract attention from school work Reid et al. In fact, bullying prevention programs have been proven to raise the overall academic achievement of schools, suggesting that rampant bullying undermines educational efforts Scarpaci, Bullying also causes extremely damaging effects in the victims of bullies.
These effects are similar to those caused by child abuse, and their intensity and persistence tend to increase when the bullying begins at a younger age Scarpaci, Victims of bullying suffer from lowered psychological well being, poor social adjustment, and psychological distress.
Many victims are targeted because they have low self-esteem, a problem that is only exacerbated by the bullying Rigby, They also develop somatic symptoms, such as problems sleeping, chronic head-aches and stomachaches, bedwetting, and fatigue Brown et al.
Bullying also leads to academic and behavioral problems in victims, who may lose interest in school, or use somatic symptoms as an excuse to stay home from school Scarpaci, While most victims react to bullying by withdrawing and suffering in silence, a rare subset of victims retaliate with violent behavior.Bullying: Bullying And Bullying - It was an anti-bullying program that allowed us to learn how to help make a change in other students lives that were being bullied on a day to day basis and our job was to help make it stop.
Daly Quinn Mrs.
Eicher English 2 6 January Bullying in Schools Bullying should be a crime. It is very cruel and unethical.
“Each day an estimated , students miss school for fear of. The following research paper is intended to focus on the effects of school bullying and what society can do to help prevent future bullying from occurring.
I aspire to learn the different forms of bullying, while learning what I can do to identify the problem and what the . Tips in Choosing the Right Bullying Topics for Research Paper. Bullying has been a common topic by most research papers.
If you want your research paper to be unique and relevant, you should be able to offer new approach to old topics. Bullying is aggressive physical But psychologists are using this research to develop bullying prevention programs that are being implemented in schools around.
Oct 10, · Systematic international research has shown school bullying to be a frequent and serious public health problem.
Bullying is one of the common problems suffered by people within a social group or structure. It is an aggressive behavior that uses coercion to reinforce someone’s dominance and power over a . Daly Quinn Mrs. Eicher English 2 6 January Bullying in Schools Bullying should be a crime. It is very cruel and unethical. “Each day an estimated , students miss school for fear of. Bullying is aggressive physical But psychologists are using this research to develop bullying prevention programs that are being implemented in schools around.
But psychologists are using this research to develop bullying prevention programs that are being implemented in schools around the world.