The Patriarch, in perhaps most memorable moment of the interview, reminded the learned professor from Harvard that the Ark and its meaning to Ethiopians, is a matter of faith and not proof.
Her legacy transcends nation-states, continents, and even religious affiliation. The exact geographical origin of Queen of Sheba has been highly contested. Even Sheba's exact name is not agreed upon. The legendary Queen of Sheba has spawned hundreds of films and thousands of books.
There are few females in history who have captured mankind's imagination in such a way. And yet, just like King Solomon, Sheba never really existed. Her story has been repeated many times and in many contexts, but there isn't a scrap of evidence for her existence, apart from the religious writings of the Bible, Koran, the Kebra Negast, and a few others.
Like Solomon, Sheba's real name is an enigma. For them, this mythical queen is the founder of their Ethiopian civilization and one who's cherished and beloved by their Christian population. Ethiopia's account of the Queen of Sheba is seen as the first ancestor of Ethiopia's imperial kings, known as the "Solomonic Dynasty".
The Queen of Sheba is seen as the founding ancestor of this imperial line and the begning of Ethiopia's cherished 3, year historical claim. According to Aksumite writing a cover Ethiopians, upon visiting Jerusalem, Sheba was seduced by Solomon, and gave birth to their son of Menelik.
After Menelik grew older, he would end up journeying back to Jerusalem to visit his father Solomon and subsequently stole the Ark of the Covenant to Aksum, where it resides in St.
Mary of Zion Church.
So does Christian Ethiopians' claims hold up? Well for starters, in order for Christian Ethiopians to even begin to claim the mytical figure of queen of Sheba, they would need to have archeological evidence unequivocally demonstrating a settled-civilization or a kingdom taking place in their region around the time Sheba was supposedly to be in existence.
Sheba's existence is believed to be around the 10th century BC or 3, years ago. Unfortunately for Christian Ethiopians, there isn't any kingdom, village, house, a single structure, or a settled-civilization found within Ethiopia that dates to that time period.
We know now that the oldest settled civilization in the horn of Africa is found in the outskirts of the Eritrean capital of Asmara, and that only dates to 2, years of age.
Even if Ethiopians claimed ancient Ona site of Eritrea as their own, they would still be short by two centuries to even start discussing the Queen of Sheba myth. So when did these fictional historical claims by Christian Ethiopians of the Amhara and Tigray ethnic groups begin?
According to professor Petet Shchmidt, the Queen of Sheba myth first entered what is now known as Ethiopia at the end of the 13th century AD. The inhabitants of that region learned about this fable from Arabia and recreated the story to fit their own political needs so to further strengthen their own political tale and conquest over other regions.
They developed what was to become known as the Solomonic myth. Kebre Negast The glory of the kingsit is a pastiche of legends conflated early in the fourteenth century by six Tigrayan scribes. Yishak, the chief compiler, claimed that he and his colleagues were merely translating an Arabic version of a Coptic work into Ge'ez.
In fact his team blended local and regional oral traditions and style and substance derived from the Old and the New Testament, various apocryphal texts, Jews and Islamic commentaries, and Patristic writings.
The Kebra Negest's primer goal was to legitimize the ascendancy of Emperor Yukuno Amlak and the 'restored' Solomonic line. Most of the book is therefore purposely devoted to the parentage of Emperor Menelik-I. According to Christian Ethiopians, these are the people who came from Israel when the Ark was stolen by Menelik-I from Solomon's kingdom.
However, recent DNA tests have proven without a shadow of a doubt that these Ethiopians who practice the Jewish faith have no genetic ties to Israel.
These Ethiopian Jews may have converted to Judaism after coming into contact with Jewish merchants from Yemen, sometime around the time the Aksumite kingdom went into decline. In fact, Professor Edward Ullendroff, an authority on Ethiopian history and religious scholarly had obtained access to see Ethiopia's ark in and he dismissed it as a "fabrication".
He went on to describe the Ethiopian ark as nothing more than a wooden box, that was empty inside, and one that was of middle to late medieval construction. His book Ethiopia and the Bible, published by Oxford University Press, is acknowledged as the classic scholarly work in the field on religion in Ethiopia.
When Graham Hancok's book on the Ark in Ethiopia, the Sign and the Seal, was first released, the press sought Ullendroff as an expert to give his evaluation of Hancock's theory. In an interview with the Los Angeles Times, Ullendroff, after calling Handcock's book "a sad joke," declared that he had personally seen the object in Axum:Also the language of GE'EZ is nothing but a cursive writing of MTU NTR (Egyptian writing).
And the Ethiopians zenith was way before the 4th AD?? The 18th to 25th dynasties of anicent egypt were ruled by Aksumite rulers/5(7). The fall of the Aksumite kingdom of Ethiopia toward the end of the 10th century A.D.
was attributed to a queen who invaded from the south. This queen is said to have laid waste to the city of Aksum and the countryside, destroyed churches and monuments, usurped the throne from the ruling Aksumite king, and attempted to wipe out the remaining members of the royal family.
Activist, a writer and I am a doctoral candidate (ABD) in Language, Literacy, and Culture at New Mexico State University (NMSU). I hold a bachelor of arts in English and a master of arts in TESOL from NMSU as well as a bachelor of arts in Anthropology from UCLA.
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Most of sub-Saharan Africa moved from the Stone Age to the Iron caninariojana.com Iron Age and Bronze Age occurred simultaneously.
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